Ivan Voras’ article on FreeBSD’s pkgng prompted me to try pkgng. pkgng works exactly as advertised, with a couple of minor annoyances. But this brought to head a problem with FreeBSD that I’ve had for a while. I’ve talked to various ports guys about it over the years. It’s an engineering problem that’s begging for someone to solve.
Before folks in other Unix-like operating systems start snickering at “Lucas turning like a rabid dog on the community he came from”: you guys have your own problems. Go deal with them.
First, some context:
When the Ports Tree started it was pretty durn good. It might have started life as a temporary workaround, but it came out all right. Ports was the envy of many operating systems, and it got dragged into other BSDs and copied elsewhere. And in many ways, it’s actually aged pretty well. I run all three “Big BSDs” and a DragonFly box. I administer CentOS and Ubuntu machines. I have a couple of OpenSolaris servers slated to be replaced with FreeNAS. I feel qualified to offer an opinion on how things compare. FreeBSD trumpets its performance as a network operating system, as well it should. It passes packets like “whoa.” It makes lots of complicated stuff easy.
But some simple tasks are harder than they should be.
I’m standing up a new server to replace my old Web server. The old server originally ran 6-current, and has been updated to -current every few months. Now and then, Apache hangs up. I’m fairly confident that some lingering cruft from a previous aeon is responsible, and while I could exhaustively search the old server for the problem, I’d rather send it off to a well-deserved retirement and put some new hardware in play.
So, I have a virgin server. I want sendmail, mutt, and a WordPress server. (Your choices might differ, and that’s fine.) I don’t care which Web server WordPress runs on, anything vaguely modern would do. I’d like to install all software from packages, as I don’t have the time or energy to build an artisan server. Ideally, I won’t even need to install the Ports Collection. This is an extremely common set of software.
I can do this easily on OpenBSD, because OpenBSD has One True Web Server. It’s Apache 1.3, yes, which makes my bowels churn a bit, but the OpenBSD Project stands behind it, so: fine. I can do this with CentOS or Ubuntu or OpenSolaris — I have to install new repositories, which brings up all kinds of trust issues, but when you run those operating systems you decide to evaluate those risks on an ongoing basis. Fine. (I must confess, I’ve never installed a Web server on my NetBSD palmtop. That’s too geeky even for me.)
But I just can’t do this with FreeBSD.
The Ports System is massively flexible. If I’m willing to build from source, I can configure my system in dang near any way I like. That’s an awesome feature. It really is. The Apache 2.2 port has about eighty configuration knobs. I can tweak them all. I can build Apache exactly as I want and be highly confident that it will Just Work.
This is amazing.
But I can’t install a WordPress server with precompiled packages.
The problem is in the PHP port. PHP doesn’t know which Web server you’re running. The Ports System gives you the flexibility to build PHP with or without the Apache module. You can build with or without every dang module in the world. The PHP port doesn’t tie your hands.
But without these — comparatively tiny — bits of precompiled glue, I can’t make FreeBSD Just Work.
And it’s not just WordPress. I run an LDAP server at work. Apache 2.2 can be compiled to include the OpenLDAP module. But I cannot install this common corporate configuration from packages, I must compile the software myself. If I want OpenLDAP and Postgres, well, that’s a different build. And if an application absolutely requires MySQL, it’s back to the Ports Tree.
Multiply this by the thousands of combinations of options in over 23,000 ports, and… wow. Building a package for every possible combination would take a long time.
I can — and do — build my own package repositories. But this is an ongoing annoyance. And if I need an Apache 2.2 server that supports OpenLDAP, MySQL, and Postgres, I’m back to building it myself.
The Ports System makes the difficult manageable. I’d much rather maintain my own FreeBSD package repo than a CentOS or Ubuntu/Debian repo. But I really shouldn’t have to.
I’m not saying “copy Linux.” By all that’s sacred, no. NO. But they’ve solved this problem without building umpteen bajillion packages. We have some really brilliant people in the community. Surely there’s a realistic solution to this?
I pimp BAMP (BSD, Apache, Mysql, PHP) as an alternative to LAMP. This particular example of this issue stops those efforts cold.
Just in case you’re one of the brilliant people in our community, and this motivates you to do something, as a sysadmin who wants to run a lot more FreeBSD, here’s what I’d like to see:
DATABASE=postgres91. There are ports that will configure the ports-building process for me, such as ports-mgmt/portconf; I’d like something similar for packages.
Why don’t I fix this? I’m a sysadmin, not a programmer. Hogs, when they look at my code, vomit. My spare time is spent writing, most often in support of the various BSD communities. I could learn to fix it, but I believe that others are better qualified to do it first. But those most likely to be able to fix it are also those most likely to just build the software themselves.
We run operating systems to use applications. (If that wasn’t true, I would have truly mastered my Sinclair ZX80 by now.) The new user, confronted with a requirement to install the Ports Tree to build a simple PHP webserver, might well say “ick” and install something else instead. It’s a serious barrier to entry.
So, if you’re looking for a new problem to solve, here it is.